Many R users are unfamiliar with the process of updating all their R packages after upgrading to a new version of R.
Would you like to learn how to update all R pacakges in a safe and straightforward way?
The method I described below should work for all platforms, however, I didn’t use R in Windows, so I don’t know the specific directory path, I will describe the steps using a Linux system.
For example, I upgraded R from 4.2.1 to 4.3.1 recently.
As we can see in the R library folder, there are two sub-folders, one is 4.2 (
/home/ylj/R/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-library/4.2) and the other is 4.3 (
First, we need to copy all the packages from the
4.2 folder to the
4.3 folder. Alternatively, it is also possible to perform the reverse operation, but in that case, the folder needs to be renamed.
Then, in R terminal/Rstudio run each line below.
## load all installed packages pkglist=data.frame(installed.packages(lib.loc="/path/to/lib")) # at here, lib.loc="/home/ylj/R/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu-library/4.3" ## update all packages BiocManager::install(pkglist$Package,update=TRUE,ask=FALSE,checkBuilt=TRUE) ## reload new Rsession ## check if there are any packages that weren't updated pkgupdated=data.frame(installed.packages(lib.loc="/path/to/lib")) pkgfailed=pkgupdated[pkgupdated$Built<"4.3.1",]
For all packages in the
pkgfailed. we have to install them manually.