Samba is the standard Windows interoperability suite of programs for Linux and Unix.
People can browse a server directory like use Windows OS on their own computer.
It also could avoid the
scp step if you want to download and open a text file in the server, yes, you could open any files on the server and edit it like on your own computer.
Here I will introduce the steps to set up Samba on CentOS in a home network. There may be a problem if someone wants to use this Samba function on Windows 10 systems with a server that support different version of the Samba protocol. My laptop OS is Fedora, and the server OS is CentOS.
- Install Samba on local computer and server, eg:
yum install samba samba-client samba-client-libs.
- Start the protocol on server,
sudo systemctl start smb.service.
smbdservice provides file sharing and printing services and listens on TCP ports 139 and 445. At here, for personal reason, I didn’t want to start the
nmbdserver, which provides NetBIOS over IP naming services to clients and listens on UDP port 137.
- Set up firewall
firewall-cmd --list-services firewall-cmd --list-ports firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=samba
- I want to use the
/home/yulijiadirectory via Samba, so the Samba configuration file (
/etc/samba/smb.conf) could be:
[homes] comment = Home Directories valid users = %S, %D%w%S browseable = Yes read only = No create mask = 0700 directory mask = 0700 inherit acls = Yes
Once done, please restart Samba services,
systemctl restart smb.service
- Connect from your local machine.
Because I use Fedora, so I could open the Nautilus to add a new
connect to serverlink (
smb://192.168.0.111:139/), then connect to the server, select Registered User, enter your server username and password.
Then the files on the Samba server will be shown.
Note: the default port of Samba service is